HPTN Bibliographic Record
Blackstock OJ, Frew P, Bota D, Vo-Green L, Parker K, Franks J, Hodder SL, Justman J, Golin CE, Haley DF, Kuo I, Adimora AA, Rompalo A, Soto-Torres L, Wang J, Mannheimer SB. Perceptions of Individual and Community HIV/STI Risk Among a Cohort Of U.S. Women Living in Areas with High Poverty Rates and HIV Prevalence. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2015, 26: 811-23.
Although studies have consistently demonstrated that women at high risk for HIV and non-HIV sexually transmitted infections (STIs) tend to underestimate their individual risk, little is known about how women at risk perceive their community's HIV/STI risk. We explored perceptions of community HIV/STI risk among U.S. women living in areas with high poverty and HIV prevalence rates as part of a qualitative substudy of the Women's HIV SeroIncidence Study. Semi-structured focus groups were conducted. Data were coded and analyzed using the constant comparative method. Participants expressed the perception that their communities were at elevated HIV/STI risk, mostly due to contextual and structural factors such as lack of access to health care and education. Findings suggest that HIV prevention messages that target U.S. women at high risk for HIV may be strengthened by addressing the high perceived community HIV/STI risk driven by structural factors.