HPTN Bibliographic Record

Taha TE, Hoover DR, Kumwenda NI, Fiscus SA, Kafulafula G, Nkhoma C, Chen S, Piwowar E, Broadhead RL, Jackson JB, Miotti PG. Late postnatal transmission of HIV-1 and associated factors. J Infect Dis. 2007, 196: 10-14 PMID: 17538877.
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to determine the risk and timing of late postnatal transmission (LPT) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). METHODS: Breast-fed infants previously enrolled in 2 trials of antiretroviral prophylaxis were monitored in Malawi. Kaplan-Meier and proportional hazard models assessed cumulative incidence and association of factors with LPT. RESULTS: Overall, 98 infants were HIV infected, and 1158 were uninfected. The cumulative risk of LPT at age 24 months was 9.68% (95% confidence interval, 7.80%-11.56%). The interval hazards at 1.5-6, 6-12, 12-18, and 18-24 months were 1.22%, 4.05%, 3.48%, and 1.27%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of LPT beyond 6 months is substantial. Weaning at 6 months could prevent >85% of LPT.