Miller L, Prieto Merino D, Baisley K, Hayes R.. Hidden heterogeneity: Uncovering patterns of adherence in microbicide trials for HIV prevention.. PLoS One. , 17: e0267011. PMC9098085
Interpretation of clinical trial results testing vaginal microbicide gels for HIV prevention depends on participant adherence. Prior to the era of antiretrovirals, microbicide trials collected adherence data via self-report, and trials typically reported trial population adherence as overall averages in primary results manuscripts. This study first sought to determine if different patterns of adherence from three trials of vaginal microbicide gels could be identified, using self-reported data and if so, how those patterns compare across trials. The second objective was to explore which individual-level factors were associated with different adherence patterns.