Edupuganti S, Mgodi N, Karuna ST, Andrew P, Rudnicki E, Kochar N, deCamp A, De La Grecca R, Anderson M, Karg C, Tindale I, Greene E, Broder GB, Lucas J, Hural J, Gallardo-Cartagena JA, Gonzales P, Frank I, Sobieszczyk M, Gomez Lorenzo MM, Burns D, Anderson PL, Miner MD, Ledgerwood J, Mascola JR, Gilbert PB, Cohen MS, Corey L, HVTN 704/HPTN 085 study group. Feasibility and Successful Enrollment in a Proof-of-Concept HIV Prevention Trial of VRC01, a Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibody. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021, 87: 671-679. PMC8397466
Background: The Antibody-Mediated Prevention trials (HVTN 704/HPTN 085 and HVTN 703/HPTN 081) are the first efficacy trials to evaluate whether VRC01, a broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibody targeting the CD4-binding site of the HIV envelope protein, prevents sexual transmission of HIV-1. HVTN 704/HPTN 085 enrolled 2701 cisgender men and transgender (TG) individuals who have sex with men at 26 sites in Brazil, Peru, Switzerland, and the United States. Methods: Participants were recruited and retained through early, extensive community engagement. Eligible participants were randomized 1:1:1 to 10 mg/kg or 30 mg/kg of VRC01 or saline placebo. Visits occurred monthly, with intravenous (IV) infusions every 8 weeks over 2 years, for a total of 10 infusions. Participants were followed for 104 weeks after first infusion. Results: The median HVTN 704/HPTN 085 participant age was 28 years; 99% were assigned male sex; 90% identified as cisgender men, 5% as TG women and the remaining as other genders. Thirty-two percent were White, 15% Black, and 57% Hispanic/Latinx. Twenty-eight percent had a sexually transmitted infection at enrollment. More than 23,000 infusions were administered with no serious IV administration complications. Overall, retention and adherence to the study schedule exceeded 90%, and the dropout rate was below 10% annually (7.3 per 100 person-years) through week 80, the last visit for the primary end point. Conclusions: HVTN 704/HPTN 085 exceeded accrual and retention expectations. With exceptional safety of IV administration and operational feasibility, it paves the way for future large-scale monoclonal antibody trials for HIV prevention and/or treatment.