HPTN Bibliographic Record

Lai S, Chen J, Celentano D, Page JB, Lai H, Yang J, Liu W, McCoy CB, Yu XF. Adoption of injection practices in heroin users in Guangxi Province, China. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2000, 32: 285-92.
This preliminary study collected data from 326 heroin users in Guangxi Province, China, in 1997. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the risk factors for injection. Survival analysis identified factors independently associated with time from initiation of heroin use to adoption of injection. Four factors were independently associated with injection: number of friends who used heroin in the last year, duration of heroin use, dose of heroin consumed, and total number of times detoxified in drug treatment and rehabilitation centers. Only gender and duration of heroin use were independently associated with time to first injection. Median time to first injection was 11 months for males and 22 months for females. Median time to first injection varied by age. Median time to injection for those who used heroin for more than one year was 8.1 months; it was 19.1 months for on to five years of use, and 40.5 months for more than five years of use. This study's preliminary findings suggest that younger, more recent heroin users, and males are at increased risk of becoming injectors, a major risk behavior for HIV acquisition.