HPTN Bibliographic Record

Chingono A, Lane T, Chitumba A, Kulich M, Morin S. Balancing science and community concerns in resource-limited settings: Project Accept in rural Zimbabwe. Clin Trials. 2008, 5: 273-6 PMID:18559417.
BACKGROUND: The methods and purposes of randomization are often poorly understood by participants in clinical trials. Individual misunderstandings can be compounded in community-based intervention trials, especially in research-naïve communities. Randomizing entire communities to intervention or control status risks creating the perception that control communities are being denied desirable services, ultimately undermining trust in the research process. PURPOSE: To develop a randomization scheme for an HIV prevention trial of a community-level intervention that would be credible to the communities involved while maintaining the scientific integrity of the intervention trial at a rural site in Zimbabwe. METHODS: Project staff developed strong partnerships with community stakeholders and embedded randomization into the trial's community preparedness processes. Local idioms were used to explain the concept, purpose, and mechanics of randomization. Actual allocation of communities to intervention or control status took place at a public lottery conducted by local chiefs. RESULTS: The Project obtained the endorsement of its randomization of eight rural communities by local political stakeholders and community members. LIMITATIONS: This case study may not generalize to other settings. CONCLUSIONS: By developing strong community partnerships, and communicating randomization through local idioms, community based intervention trials conducted in resource-poor environments can successfully mitigate risks inherent in randomizing communities to control status.