HPTN Bibliographic Record

DeMaria, Jr, A, Kunches L, Mayer K, Cohen C, Epstein P, Werner B, Day J, DeCristofaro J, Landers S, Tang Y, Coady W, and the Massachusetts gp160 Working Group. Immune Responses to a Recombinant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) gp160 Vaccine Among Adults with Advanced HIV Infection. J Hum Virol. 2000, 3: 182-92.
OBJECTIVE: To assess immunogenicity of recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope vaccine (rgp160) in late HIV infection. STUDY DESIGN/METHODS: HIV-infected volunteers (n = 142), with CD4+ T lymphocyte counts of <400/mm3, were enrolled in a dose- comparison, open-label trial with stratification by CD4+ cell count, randomization to a primary series at two dose levels, and a sub-group receiving interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) as an adjuvant. Subjects received booster doses of vaccine over a follow-up period of 18-28 months. RESULTS: At 6 and 12 months, 36% and 38% of participants, respectively, had new or augmented antibody titers (> or =4-fold increase) against one or more gpl60 epitopes (C1, V3, C41, 448C). Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) to intradermal gpl60, initially not present in any participant, developed after immunization in 41%, with higher prevalence in participants receiving the lower dose of vaccine. Both antibody and skin test responses occurred in 20-25% of vaccine recipients. Virtually all antibody and skin test responses occurred in participants with initial CD4+ cell counts of >100 cells/mm3. IFN-gamma had no significant effect on immune response. Immunization was well tolerated. Trends in CD4+ cell count, clinical events, and laboratory findings correlated with baseline CD4+ T lymphocyte count stratum and not with immunization regimen. Opportunistic conditions occurred at expected rates. Viral load trends (p24 antigen in all participants and viral RNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in a subset of 26 participants) did not correlate with immunization regimen. CONCLUSION: Immunization of patients with advanced HIV infection with rgpl60 resulted in new and augmented humoral and DTH responses, without unexpected significant adverse events or evident clinical benefits attributable to immunization.