HPTN Bibliographic Record

Schreiber CA, Whittington S, Cen L, Maslankowski L. Good intentions: risk factors for unintended pregnancies in the US cohort of a microbicide trial. Contraception. 2011, 83: 74-81 PMID:21134507.
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to assess socio-behavioral and biological factors associated with unplanned pregnancy in the US cohort of a microbicide trial. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a mixed-method, nested case-control study of risk factors for pregnancy within the US cohort of the microbicide trial HPTN 035. We developed an instrument to assess attitudes and beliefs about fertility control/ contraceptive utilization among 122 women. Cases were HPTN 035 participants who became pregnant while enrolled, matched by time on study 1:4 with controls. Univariable and multivariable analysis were performed with pregnancy as the outcome of interest. RESULTS: Contraceptive method change during the trial was associated with unplanned pregnancy (OR=1.76). Participant desire/partners' desire for future children (OR=4.95) and young age (OR=0.88 annually above age 19 years) were independently associated with unintended pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Within a trial that enroll heterosexually active women, there may be ways to identify those at highest risk of becoming pregnant a priori