Marzinke MA, Clarke W, Wang L, Cummings V, Liu TY, Piwowar-Manning E, Breaud A, Griffith S, Buchbinder S, Shoptaw S, del Rio C, Magnus M, Mannheimer S, Fields SD, Mayer KH, Wheeler DP, Koblin BA, Eshleman SH, Fogel JM. Nondisclosure of HIV status in a clinical trial setting: antiretroviral drug screening can help distinguish between newly diagnosed and previously diagnosed HIV infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2014, 58: 117-20. PMC3864502
In The HIV Prevention Trials Network 061 study, 155 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men reported no prior HIV diagnosis; 83 of those men had HIV RNA levels of <1000 copies/mL at enrollment. Antiretroviral drug testing revealed that 65 of the 83 (78.3%) men were on antiretroviral treatment. Antiretroviral drug testing can help distinguish between newly diagnosed and previously diagnosed HIV infection.